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centos7.9 源码编译安装 php8 以及扩展 redis 和 sodium安装

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一直以来装的最多的是 php7 版本,最近搞新项目,项目组要求安装 php8 版本,于是在阿里云购买了 一台centos7机器,着手安装,记录下整个过程以及遇到的问题和解决

拿到新机器,首先将系统更新一下

yum update

接下来 php8源码编译安装

安装 PHP8

预先安装必要的依赖

yum install -y wget gcc gcc-c++ autoconf automake libtool make libxml2 libxml2-devel openssl openssl-devel sqlite-devel

下载解压 php8 安装包:

useradd www -d /usr/local/data/www -s /sbin/nologin
mkdir /usr/local/data/soft
cd /usr/local/data/soft
wget https://www.php.net/distributions/php-8.2.16.tar.gz
tar -zxvf php-8.2.16.tar.gz
cd php-8.2.16

预编译configure

./configure --prefix=/usr/local/data/php-8.2.16 \
--with-config-file-path=/usr/local/data/php-8.2.16/etc \
--enable-fpm \
--with-fpm-user=www \
--with-fpm-group=www \
--enable-mysqlnd \
--with-mysqli=mysqlnd \
--with-pdo-mysql=mysqlnd \
--enable-mysqlnd-compression-support \
--with-zlib \
--enable-xml \
--disable-rpath \
--enable-bcmath \
--enable-shmop \
--enable-sysvsem \
--with-curl \
--enable-mbregex \
--enable-mbstring \
--enable-intl \
--enable-ftp \
--enable-gd-jis-conv \
--with-openssl \
--with-mhash \
--enable-pcntl \
--enable-sockets \
--enable-soap \
--with-gettext \
--enable-fileinfo \
--enable-opcache \
--with-pear \
--with-ldap=shared \
--without-gdbm

报错解决

configure: error: Cannot find ldap libraries in /usr/lib

解决

cp -frp /usr/lib64/libldap* /usr/lib/

重新configure

安装

make -j 4 && make install

创建快捷方式

ln -s /usr/local/data/php-8.2.16 /usr/local/data/php
ln -s /usr/local/data/php/bin/php /usr/bin/php
#查看版本
php -v
PHP 8.2.16 (cli) (built: Mar  7 2024 17:43:51) (NTS)
Copyright (c) The PHP Group
Zend Engine v4.2.16, Copyright (c) Zend Technologies

php配置文件优化

cp php.ini-production /usr/local/data/php/etc/php.ini
cd /usr/local/data/php/etc/
cp php-fpm.conf.default php-fpm.conf
cd /usr/local/data/php/etc/php-fpm.d
cp www.conf.default www.conf
cd /usr/local/data/php/etc/
#修改php-fpm.conf
sed -i 's#;error_log = log/php-fpm.log#error_log = log/php-fpm.log#g' php-fpm.conf
sed -i 's/;rlimit_files = 1024/rlimit_files = 65535/g' php-fpm.conf
sed -i 's#;log_level = notice#log_level = error#g' php-fpm.conf
sed -i 's#;pid = run/php-fpm.pid#pid = run/php-fpm.pid#g' php-fpm.conf
sed -i 's#;emergency_restart_threshold = 0#emergency_restart_threshold = 60#g' php-fpm.conf
sed -i 's#;emergency_restart_interval = 0#emergency_restart_interval = 60#g' php-fpm.conf
sed -i 's#;process_control_timeout = 0#process_control_timeout = 5#g' php-fpm.conf
#修改www.conf
sed -i 's#pm = dynamic#pm = static#g' php-fpm.d/www.conf
sed -i 's#pm.max_children = 5#pm.max_children = 150#g' php-fpm.d/www.conf
sed -i 's#;pm.status_path = /status#pm.status_path = /PhpStatus#g' php-fpm.d/www.conf
sed -i 's#;slowlog = log/$pool.log.slow#slowlog = var/log/$pool.log.slow#g' php-fpm.d/www.conf
sed -i 's#;request_slowlog_timeout = 0#request_slowlog_timeout = 10#g' php-fpm.d/www.conf
sed -i 's/memory_limit = 128M/memory_limit = 512M/g' php.ini
sed -i 's#;date.timezone =#date.timezone = Asia/Shanghai#g' php.ini
sed -i 's#expose_php = On#expose_php = Off#g' php.ini
sed -i 's#disable_functions =#disable_functions = phpinfo#g' php.ini

开机启动

vim /etc/init.d/php-fpm

php 启动脚本

tips: 修改prefix路径即可

#! /bin/sh

### BEGIN INIT INFO
# Provides:          php-fpm
# Required-Start:    $remote_fs $network
# Required-Stop:     $remote_fs $network
# Default-Start:     2 3 4 5
# Default-Stop:      0 1 6
# Short-Description: starts php-fpm
# Description:       starts the PHP FastCGI Process Manager daemon
### END INIT INFO

prefix=/usr/local/data/php
exec_prefix=${prefix}

php_fpm_BIN=${exec_prefix}/sbin/php-fpm
php_fpm_CONF=${prefix}/etc/php-fpm.conf
php_fpm_PID=${prefix}/var/run/php-fpm.pid

php_opts="--fpm-config $php_fpm_CONF --pid $php_fpm_PID"

wait_for_pid () {
	try=0

	while test $try -lt 35 ; do

		case "$1" in
			'created')
			if [ -f "$2" ] ; then
				try=''
				break
			fi
			;;

			'removed')
			if [ ! -f "$2" ] ; then
				try=''
				break
			fi
			;;
		esac

		echo -n .
		try=`expr $try + 1`
		sleep 1

	done

}

case "$1" in
	start)
		echo -n "Starting php-fpm "

		$php_fpm_BIN --daemonize $php_opts

		if [ "$?" != 0 ] ; then
			echo " failed"
			exit 1
		fi

		wait_for_pid created $php_fpm_PID

		if [ -n "$try" ] ; then
			echo " failed"
			exit 1
		else
			echo " done"
		fi
	;;

	stop)
		echo -n "Gracefully shutting down php-fpm "

		if [ ! -r $php_fpm_PID ] ; then
			echo "warning, no pid file found - php-fpm is not running ?"
			exit 1
		fi

		kill -QUIT `cat $php_fpm_PID`

		wait_for_pid removed $php_fpm_PID

		if [ -n "$try" ] ; then
			echo " failed. Use force-quit"
			exit 1
		else
			echo " done"
		fi
	;;

	status)
		if [ ! -r $php_fpm_PID ] ; then
			echo "php-fpm is stopped"
			exit 0
		fi

		PID=`cat $php_fpm_PID`
		if ps -p $PID | grep -q $PID; then
			echo "php-fpm (pid $PID) is running..."
		else
			echo "php-fpm dead but pid file exists"
		fi
	;;

	force-quit)
		echo -n "Terminating php-fpm "

		if [ ! -r $php_fpm_PID ] ; then
			echo "warning, no pid file found - php-fpm is not running ?"
			exit 1
		fi

		kill -TERM `cat $php_fpm_PID`

		wait_for_pid removed $php_fpm_PID

		if [ -n "$try" ] ; then
			echo " failed"
			exit 1
		else
			echo " done"
		fi
	;;

	restart)
		$0 stop
		$0 start
	;;

	reload)

		echo -n "Reload service php-fpm "

		if [ ! -r $php_fpm_PID ] ; then
			echo "warning, no pid file found - php-fpm is not running ?"
			exit 1
		fi

		kill -USR2 `cat $php_fpm_PID`

		echo " done"
	;;

	configtest)
		$php_fpm_BIN -t
	;;

	*)
		echo "Usage: $0 {start|stop|force-quit|restart|reload|status|configtest}"
		exit 1
	;;

esac
/etc/init.d/php-fpm
Usage: /etc/init.d/php-fpm {start|stop|force-quit|restart|reload|status|configtest}

启动 php8

/etc/init.d/php-fpm start

加入开机启动

chmod +x /etc/init.d/php-fpm
vim /etc/rc.local
添加/etc/init.d/php-fpm start

php8 扩展安装

安装 redis 扩展

redis扩展包下载地址:https://pecl.php.net/package/redis

prefix=/usr/local/data/php-8.2.16
php_BIN=${prefix}/bin
php_CONF=${php_BIN}/php-config
php_INI=${prefix}/etc/php.ini
phpize=${php_BIN}/phpize

php_redis(){
        redis_version=redis-6.0.2
        redis_pkg=$redis_version.tgz
        #检查依赖,由于在centos6装过,这里解决autoconf版本问题,系统版本高自动跳过
        cd $soft_home
        ac_version=`autoconf -V|head -1|awk '{print $NF}'`
                if [ `echo "$ac_version < 2.69"|bc` -eq 1 ];then
                        #rpm -e --nodeps autoconf-$ac_version
                        wget -nc http://ftp.gnu.org/gnu/autoconf/autoconf-2.69.tar.gz
                        tar zxvf autoconf-2.69.tar.gz
                        cd autoconf-2.69
                        ./configure --prefix=/usr/
                        make && make install
                fi
        #安装redis
        cd $soft_home
        wget -nc -q http://pecl.php.net/get/$redis_pkg
        tar zxf   $redis_pkg
        cd $soft_home/$redis_version
        #调用phpize
        $phpize
        ./configure  --with-php-config=$php_CONF
        make -j 4 && make install
        sed -i '$a extension=redis.so' $php_INI
}

安装 sodium 扩展

错误安装方式

一开始在php源码安装包ext/sodium下装,但一直报错,如下所示

cd php-8.2.16/ext/sodium
/usr/local/data/php/bin/phpize
./configure  --with-php-config=/usr/local/data/php-8.2.16/bin/php-config
...
#报错信息如下
checking for sodium support... yes, shared
./configure: line 4103: syntax error near unexpected token `LIBSODIUM,'
./configure: line 4103: `  PKG_CHECK_MODULES(LIBSODIUM, libsodium >= 1.0.8)'

已经安装了libsodium 和 libsodium-devel

yum -y install epel-release libsodium libsodium-devel 
Package epel-release-7-14.noarch already installed and latest version
Package libsodium-1.0.18-1.el7.x86_64 already installed and latest version
Package libsodium-devel-1.0.18-1.el7.x86_64 already installed and latest version
Nothing to do

尝试各种解决办法,源码编译libsodium-1.0.18 也不行,无语了,果断放弃了,建议直接用下面正确方式,轻松通过

正确安装方式

yum install -y libsodium libsodium-devel
wget http://pecl.php.net/get/libsodium-2.0.23.tgz
tar zxvf libsodium-2.0.23.tgz
cd libsodium-2.0.23
/usr/local/data/php/bin/phpize
./configure  --with-php-config=/usr/local/data/php-8.2.16/bin/php-config
make -j 4 && make install

没报错,一下子就好了

下面整理成脚本

prefix=/usr/local/data/php-8.2.16
php_BIN=${prefix}/bin
php_CONF=${php_BIN}/php-config
phpize=${php_BIN}/phpize
php_INI=${prefix}/etc/php.ini

php_sodium(){
  yum install -y libsodium libsodium-devel
  wget http://pecl.php.net/get/libsodium-2.0.23.tgz #最新
  tar zxvf libsodium-2.0.23.tgz
  cd libsodium-2.0.23
  $phpize
  ./configure  --with-php-config=$php_CONF
  make -j 4 && make install
  sed -i '$a extension=sodium.so' $php_INI
}
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